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Autor Schmidt, Anja. author.

Título Modelling Tropospheric Volcanic Aerosol [electronic resource] : From Aerosol Microphysical Processes to Earth System Impacts / by Anja Schmidt.

Publicación Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2013.
Descripción física XV, 145 p. online resource.
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
text file PDF rda
Colección Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research, 2190-5053
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Springer eBooks. Earth and Environmental Science
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Contiene: Motivation and background -- GLOMAP-mode overview -- The role of time-averaged volcanic sulphur emissions in the pre-industrial Era -- Impact of the 1783́㱷84AD Laki eruption on global aerosol formation processes and cloud condensation nuclei -- Impact of the 1783́㱷84 AD Laki eruption on cloud drop number concentrations and the first aerosol indirect effect -- What if a Laki-style eruption were to happen tomorrow?.
Resumen: Anja Schmidt's thesis is a unique and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts of tropospheric volcanic aerosol on the atmosphere, climate, air quality and human health. Using a state-of-the-art global microphysics model, the thesis describes and quantifies the impact of volcanic sulphur emissions on global aerosol, clouds and the radiative forcing of climate. The advanced model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of the emissions on aerosol microphysical properties such as particle number concentrations and sizes, and therefore a considerably improved ability to quantify the climate and air quality effects. There are several important discoveries in this thesis. Firstly, it is shown that continuously degassing volcanoes exert a major effect on global clouds and climate. Secondly, the impact of the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland is re-examined to show that this long-lasting flood lava eruption would have had major effects on clouds and climate. Thirdly, by combining her research on volcanism, atmospheric science and epidemiology, she shows that a present-day Laki-like eruption would seriously affect European air quality and cause over 100,000 premature deaths in the first year.
Materia Earth sciences.
Natural disasters.
Physical geography.
Atmospheric sciences.
Environmental health.
Air pollution.
Earth Sciences.
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Natural Hazards.
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Earth System Sciences.
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Atmospheric Sciences.
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Environmental Health.
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Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution.
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Autor secundario SpringerLink (Online service)
En Springer eBooks
OTRO SOPORTE Printed edition: 9783642348389
ISBN 9783642348396 978-3-642-34839-6
ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/978-3-642-34839-6 doi